There is increasing evidence that overweight and obesity exists in the context of families. There may be something about family dynamics that engenders or maintains the problem with excess weight gain.
- A 2004 study in the Journal of Pediatrics found that the biggest factor that predicted overweight in children was if the parents were also overweight.
- Two-thirds of parents underestimate the BMIs of their children, especially when their children are overweight or obese.
Some data has even suggests trends according to relationship of the adults in the household:
- Children raised by two co-habiting biological parents had the highest rates of obesity, at 31 percent.
- But if those parents were married, the children had one of the lowest obesity risks, at 17 percent.
- Children residing with an adult relative had a high (29 percent) likelihood of becoming obese.
- But if that adult was their single father, they had a very low risk—just 15 percent.
- The children of single mothers and those of co-habiting (not married) step-parents had similarly high rates of obesity, at 23 percent.
Non-poor children living with married step-parents had a 67 percent higher risk of obesity compared to similar non-poor children raised by married biological parents.
The authors of the study couldn’t explain why children in married parent households had lower probabilities of obesity.
The final word is:
Information on children’s health and nutrition must reach not only mothers, but the other caregivers (relatives, fathers, step-parents) with whom mothers and children regularly interact. It is also important to ensure that caregivers are in agreement about issues of nutrition and physical activity for children. Augustine and Kimbro
Once again stressing that innovations to tackle obesity need to consider the context in which the person with the problem is presenting for help. That person is someone’s son or daughter. What else are they coping with? Could anything you have done reduce their status to someone who fails to appreciate the first law of thermodynamics? If so, are you going to make a bad situation worse?
Picture by Niccolo Caranti